Cardiac beta ARK1 inhibition prolongs survival and augments beta blocker therapy in a mouse model of severe heart failure.
Chronic human heart failure is characterized by abnormalities in beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) signaling, including increased levels of betaAR kinase 1 (betaARK1), which seems critical to the pathogenesis of the disease. To determine whether inhibition of betaARK1 is sufficient to rescue a model of severe heart failure, we mated transgenic mice overexpressing a peptide inhibitor of betaARK1 (betaARKct) with transgenic mice overexpressing the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-binding protein, calsequestrin (CSQ). CSQ mice have a severe cardiomyopathy and markedly shortened survival (9 +/- 1 weeks). In contrast, CSQ/betaARKct mice exhibited a significant increase in mean survival age (15 +/- 1 weeks; P < 0.0001) and showed less cardiac dilation, and cardiac function was significantly improved (CSQ vs. CSQ/betaARKct, left ventricular end diastolic dimension 5.60 +/- 0.17 mm vs. 4.19 +/- 0.09 mm, P < 0.005; % fractional shortening, 15 +/- 2 vs. 36 +/- 2, P < 0.005). The enhancement of the survival rate in CSQ/betaARKct mice was substantially potentiated by chronic treatment with the betaAR antagonist metoprolol (CSQ/betaARKct nontreated vs. CSQ/betaARKct metoprolol treated, 15 +/- 1 weeks vs. 25 +/- 2 weeks, P < 0.0001). Thus, overexpression of the betaARKct resulted in a marked prolongation in survival and improved cardiac function in a mouse model of severe cardiomyopathy that can be potentiated with beta-blocker therapy. These data demonstrate a significant synergy between an established heart-failure treatment and the strategy of betaARK1 inhibition.
Harding, VB; Jones, LR; Lefkowitz, RJ; Koch, WJ; Rockman, HA
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