Characterization of cholecystokinin binding sites in goldfish brain and pituitary.
The characterization and distribution of cholecystokinin (CCK)/gastrin binding sites were determined in the goldfish central nervous system (CNS). Binding of 125I-sulfated CCK octapeptide (125I-CCK-8s) in tissue sections was found to be saturable, reversible, time dependent, and displaceable by CCK/gastrin-like peptides. Analysis of saturable equilibrium binding revealed a high-affinity binding site (dissociation constant of 0.706 +/- 0.188 nM), which also displayed high affinity for gastrin-17s and caerulein. Lower affinities were observed for the nonsulfated forms of CCK-8 and gastrin-17. These findings suggest that a single primitive CCK/gastrin receptor exists in the goldfish CNS. The distribution of CCK/gastrin binding sites in the goldfish brain and pituitary revealed high densities within the telencephalon and preoptic hypothalamus, as well as within hypothalamic nuclei associated with the brain feeding center. High densities of binding sites were also localized within the midbrain tegmentum and optic tectum of the midbrain, the facial lobe and vagal lobe of the hindbrain, and within the pituitary pars distalis. Overall, these findings support previous studies that indicate that CCK/gastrin-like peptides play a role in the central regulation of feeding behavior and pituitary hormone secretion in fish.
Himick, BA; Vigna, SR; Peter, RE
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