Agonist-induced internalization of the substance P (NK1) receptor expressed in epithelial cells.


Journal Article

Internalization of the NK1 receptor (NK1R) and substance P was observed in cells transfected with cDNA encoding the rat NK1R by using anti-receptor antibodies and cyanine 3-labelled substance P (cy3-substance P). After incubation at 4 degrees C, NK1R immunoreactivity and cy3-substance P were confined to the plasma membrane. Within 3 min of incubation at 37 degrees C, NK1R immunoreactivity and cy3-substance P were internalized into small intracellular vesicles located beneath the plasma membrane. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-labelled transferrin and cy3-substance P were internalized into the same vesicles, identifying them as early endosomes. After 60 min at 37 degrees C, NK1R immunoreactivity was detected in larger, perinuclear vesicles. Internalization of 125I-labelled substance P was studied by using an acid wash to dissociate cell-surface label from that which has been internalized. Binding reached equilibrium after incubation for 60 min at 4 degrees C with no detectable internalization. After 10 min incubation at 37 degrees C, 83.5 +/- 1.0% of specifically bound counts were internalized. Hyperosmolar sucrose and phenylarsine oxide, which are inhibitors of endocytosis, prevented internalization of 125I-labelled substance P and accumulation of NK1R immunoreactivity into endosomes. Acidotropic agents caused retention of 125I-labelled substance P within the cell and inhibited degradation of the internalized peptide. Continuous incubation of cells with substance P at 37 degrees C reduced 125I-substance P binding at the cell surface. Therefore, substance P and its receptor are internalized into early endosomes within minutes of binding, and internalized substance P is degraded. Internalization depletes NK1Rs from the cell surface and may down-regulate the response of a cell to substance P.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Garland, AM; Grady, EF; Payan, DG; Vigna, SR; Bunnett, NW

Published Date

  • October 1, 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 303 ( Pt 1) /

Start / End Page

  • 177 - 186

PubMed ID

  • 7524481

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7524481

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0264-6021

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1042/bj3030177


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England