Lymphoproliferative responses to recombinant HIV-1 envelope antigens in neonates and infants receiving gp120 vaccines. AIDS Clinical Trial Group 230 Collaborators.

Journal Article

Children of mothers infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) were immunized at birth and at 1, 3, and 5 months with 1 of 3 doses of recombinant gp120 vaccines prepared from SF-2 or MN strains of HIV-1. A total of 126 children were not infected; 21 received adjuvant only. Vaccine recipients developed lymphoproliferative responses on >/=2 occasions, responding more often to homologous HIV-1 antigens than did adjuvant recipients (56% vs. 14%; P<.001). Responses were appreciated after 2 immunizations and were maintained for >84 weeks after the last immunization. An accelerated immunization schedule (birth, 2 weeks, 2 months, and 5 months) with the lowest dose of the SF-2 vaccine produced responses in all 11 vaccinees by 4 weeks. Responses to heterologous envelope antigens were also detected. Immune responses to vaccination are achievable at an age when some infection (perinatal or breast milk exposure related) may be prevented.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Borkowsky, W; Wara, D; Fenton, T; McNamara, J; Kang, M; Mofenson, L; McFarland, E; Cunningham, C; Duliege, AM; Francis, D; Bryson, Y; Burchett, S; Spector, SA; Frenkel, LM; Starr, S; Van Dyke, R; Jimenez, E

Published Date

  • March 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 181 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 890 - 896

PubMed ID

  • 10720509

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1899

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1086/315298

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States