Safety and antiretroviral activity of chronic subcutaneous administration of T-20 in human immunodeficiency virus 1-infected children.
BACKGROUND: Entry inhibitors, a new class of antiretroviral agents, interfere with the attachment, coreceptor interaction or fusion of HIV-1 with host target cells. The fusion inhibitor T-20 is the first in this new class, and the present study is the first to examine chronic s.c. administration of T-20 to HIV-1-infected children. METHODS: Fourteen children, 4 to 12 years of age, with incompletely suppressed HIV-1 were studied. The median plasma viral load at baseline was 26,866 copies/ml (4.4 log10), and the median CD4 count was 523 cells/mm3. T-20 was administered twice daily by s.c. injection at 30 or 60 mg per m2 of body surface area per dose. For 7 days T-20 was added to the patients' background antiretroviral regimens; at Day 7 each subject's background therapy was changed to a regimen that was predicted to be virologically active, while T-20 was continued. Results are presented for the first 24 weeks of chronic T-20 dosing. RESULTS: T-20 was generally well-tolerated. One child discontinued the drug because of aversion to injections, but no child discontinued because of adverse events. Eleven (79%) of 14 children had local injection site reactions at some time during the chronic T-20 dosing. Eleven of 14 subjects achieved the protocol-specified milestone of at least a 0.7-log10 reduction in plasma HIV-1 RNA by Day 7. In 10 subjects (71%) virologic suppression of 1.0 log10 or greater was achieved at 24 weeks; 6 subjects (43%) had viral loads <400 copies/ml and 3 (21%) had fewer than 50 copies/ml at 24 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that a 24-week regimen of twice daily s.c. dosing of T-20 in HIV-1-infected children is safe and tolerable and that it is associated with suppression of HIV-1 replication during 24 weeks of administration.
Church, JA; Cunningham, C; Hughes, M; Palumbo, P; Mofenson, LM; Delora, P; Smith, E; Wiznia, A; Purdue, L; Hawkins, E; Sista, P; PACTG P1005 Study Team. Pediatric AIDS Clinical Trials Group,
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