The effects of activated factor VII in a cell-based model for tissue factor-initiated coagulation.
The importance of activated factor VII (FVIIa) in coagulation initiated by tissue factor (TF) was illustrated by competition of active site-inhibited FVIIa (FFR-FVIIa; FVIIa treated with D-Phe-Phe-Arg-chloromethyl ketone) with FVIIa in various cell-based assays mimicking TF-initiated coagulation. FFR-FVIIa inhibited the overall initiation process as measured by platelet activation and large-scale thrombin generation on the activated platelet surface. When the individual steps in the initiation process were separated, FFR-FVIIa affected only the reactions taking place on TF-bearing cells, demonstrating that FVIIa takes part only in the very first step in the initiation process. The dissociation constant (Kd) for FVIIa binding to TF and the inhibition constant (Ki) for FFR-FVIIa competing with FVIIa in binding to TF, measured in a factor X activation assay, were both around 10 pmol/l, showing that FVIIa and FFR-FVIIa bound to TF in the extrinsic pathway tenase complex with the same affinity.
Kjalke, M; Monroe, DM; Hoffman, M; Oliver, JA; Ezban, M; Hedner, U; Roberts, HR
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