The effect of active site-inhibited factor VIIa on tissue factor-initiated coagulation using platelets before and after aspirin administration.
Active site-inactivated factor VIIa has potential as an antithrombotic agent. The effects of D-Phe-L-Phe-L-Arg-chloromethyl ketone-treated factor VIIa (FFR-FVIIa) were evaluated in a cell-based system mimicking in vivo initiation of coagulation. FFR-FVIIa inhibited platelet activation (as measured by expression of P-selectin) and subsequent large-scale thrombin generation in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 values of 1.4 +/- 0.8 nM (n = 8) and 0.9 +/- 0.7 nM (n = 7), respectively. Kd for factor VIIa binding to monocytes and Ki for FFR-FVIIa competing with factor VIIa were similar (11.4 +/- 0.8 pM and 10.6 +/- 1.1 pM, respectively), showing that FFR-FVIIa binds to tissue factor in the tenase complex with the same affinity as factor VIIa. Using platelets from volunteers before and after ingestion of aspirin (1.3 g), there were no significant differences in the IC50 values of FFR-FVIIa [after aspirin ingestion, the IC50 values were 1.7 +/- 0.9 nM (n = 8) for P-selectin expression, p = 0.37, and 1.4 +/- 1.3 nM (n = 7) for thrombin generation, p = 0.38]. This shows that aspirin treatment of platelets does not influence the inhibition of tissue factor-initiated coagulation by FFR-FVIIa, probably because thrombin activation of platelets is not entirely dependent upon expression of thromboxane A2.
Kjalke, M; Oliver, JA; Monroe, DM; Hoffman, M; Ezban, M; Hedner, U; Roberts, HR
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