Cutaneous wound healing is impaired in hemophilia B.
We used a mouse model to test the hypothesis that the time course and histology of wound healing is altered in hemophilia B. Punch biopsies (3 mm) were placed in the skin of normal mice and mice with hemophilia. The size of the wounds was measured daily until the epidermal defect closed. All wounds closed in mice with hemophilia by 12 days, compared with 10 days in normal animals. Skin from the area of the wound was harvested at different time points and examined histologically. Hemophilic animals developed subcutaneous hematomas; normal animals did not. Macrophage infiltration was significantly delayed in hemophilia B. Unexpectedly, hemophilic mice developed twice as many blood vessels in the healing wounds as controls, and the increased vascularity persisted for at least 2 weeks. The deposition and persistence of ferric iron was also greater in hemophilic mice. We hypothesize that iron plays a role in promoting excess angiogenesis after wounding as it had been proposed to do in hemophilic arthropathy. We have demonstrated that impaired coagulation leads to delayed wound healing with abnormal histology. Our findings have significant implications for treatment of patients with hemophilia, and also highlight the importance of rapidly establishing hemostasis following trauma or surgery.
Hoffman, M; Harger, A; Lenkowski, A; Hedner, U; Roberts, HR; Monroe, DM
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