The exposure of murine macrophages to alpha 2-macroglobulin 'fast' forms results in the rapid secretion of eicosanoids.
The exposure of [3H]arachidonate-radiolabelled murine peritoneal macrophages to alpha 2-macroglobulin-methylamine or alpha 2-macroglobulin-trypsin but not native alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) results in the rapid secretion of [3H]eicosanoids. Resident peritoneal macrophages stimulated with 0.1 microM alpha 2M-methylamine exhibited an enhanced secretion within 10 min. The ability of alpha 2M 'fast' forms to stimulate secretion of [3H]eicosanoids was similar to that observed in the presence of the murine macrophage chemoattractant platelet-activating factor. As observed for total [3H]eicosanoid secretion, alpha 2M 'fast' forms also rapidly enhanced the secretion of the cAMP-elevating prostanoid, prostaglandin E2, from resident peritoneal macrophages. Stimulated secretion of prostaglandin E2 in response to 0.1 microM alpha 2M-methylamine was less rapid than that observed using 0.1 microM platelet-activating factor. Similar amounts of secreted prostaglandin E2 were present in media of macrophage cultures after 1 h exposure to the two stimuli. In the presence of 0.1 microM alpha 2M-methylamine, secreted prostaglandin E2 remained elevated, compared to the appropriate buffer control, for at least 24 h. The present results indicate that receptor recognition of alpha 2M 'fast' forms by macrophages results in the rapid stimulation of eicosanoid secretion and suggest that secretion of prostaglandin E2 and other eicosanoids may be involved in the ability of alpha 2 M 'fast' forms to regulate various macrophage functional responses.
Uhing, RJ; Martenson, CH; Rubenstein, DS; Hollenbach, PW; Pizzo, SV
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