Evidence that the platinum-reactive methionyl residue of the alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor recognition site is not in the carboxyl-terminal receptor binding domain.
Digestion of human alpha 2-macroglobulin-methylamine (alpha 2M-CH3NH2) with papain prior to gel filtration resulted in the resolution of three distinct peaks. The material in peak I (Mr approximately 600,000) and peak II (Mr approximately 55,000) did not have any receptor binding ability as determined by in vivo clearance studies and in vitro competitive binding studies using mouse peritoneal macrophages. In contrast, the material in peak III (Mr approximately 20,000) bound to macrophage alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) receptors with a Kd of 250 nM. This represents a 500-fold decrease in affinity relative to undigested alpha 2M-CH3NH2. Sequence analysis demonstrated that this material constituted the carboxyl-terminal fragment (COOH-terminal fragment) of alpha 2M. alpha 2M is known to possess a methionyl residue which is susceptible to modification by cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum (II) (cis-DDP) with the result being a loss of receptor binding ability by alpha 2M. For this reason, experiments were performed to determine if the platinum-reactive methionyl residue is located in the COOH-terminal receptor binding fragment of alpha 2M. The results of this investigation demonstrate that cis-DDP is not reactive with either the isolated COOH-terminal fragment or the COOH-terminal fragment isolated from alpha 2M-CH3NH2 which had been pretreated with cis-DDP. In addition, the COOH-terminal fragment did not bind to monoclonal antibody 7H11D6, a monoclonal antibody which binds to the platinum-reactive epitope of the alpha 2M-CH3NH2 receptor recognition site. In contrast, the 55-kDa fragment of alpha 2M bound approximately 1 mol platinum/mol of 55-kDa fragment and also bound to monoclonal antibody 7H11D6. Since the COOH-terminal fragment retains some receptor binding ability, the results of this investigation demonstrate that this fragment is not the complete receptor recognition site and suggest that a platinum-reactive methionyl residue located in the 55-kDa fragment of alpha 2M is another component of this site.
Roche, PA; Strickland, DK; Enghild, JJ; Pizzo, SV
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