Sodium dodecyl sulfate-stable complexes between serpins and active or inactive proteinases contain the region COOH-terminal to the reactive site loop.
Recently inhibitors of the serpin family were shown to form complexes with dichloroisocoumarine (DCI)-inactivated proteinases under native conditions (Enghild, J. J., Valnickova, Z., Thøgersen I., and Pizzo, S. V. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 20159-20166). This study demonstrates that serpin-DCI/proteinase complexes resist dissociation when analyzed in reduced SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Previously, SDS-stable serpin-proteinase complexes have been observed only between serpins and catalytically active proteinases. The stability of these complexes is believed to result from an acyl-ester bond between the active site Ser195 of the proteinase and the alpha-carbonyl group of the scissile bond in the reactive site loop. We have further analyzed the structure of the SDS-stable serpin-proteinase and serpin-DCI/proteinase complexes. The results of these studies demonstrate the presence of the COOH-terminal region of the serpin in both complexes. Since (i) modification of Ser195 does not prevent formation of SDS-stable complexes and (ii) COOH-terminal peptides are present in both complexes, the previously described mechanism does not sufficiently explain the formation of SDS-stable complexes.
Christensen, S; Valnickova, Z; Thøgersen, IB; Pizzo, SV; Nielsen, HR; Roepstorff, P; Enghild, JJ
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