Fluorescent probes as a measure of conformational alterations induced by nucleophilic modification and proteolysis of bovine alpha 2-macroglobulin.
Conformational alterations occurring in bovine alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M) resulting from proteolysis and nucleophilic modification have been monitored by UV difference spectra, circular dichroism, and changes in the fluorescence of 6-(p-toluidino)-2-naphthalenesulfonate (TNS) and bis(8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonate) (Bis-ANS). The results of this study indicate that these two dyes appear capable of differentiating between conformational changes induced by proteolysis and those induced by methylamine treatment. It appears that TNS is a sensitive probe for monitoring protease-induced but not methylamine-induced conformational changes in bovine alpha 2M. Bis-ANS, on the other hand, appears suitable for monitoring conformational changes induced by methylamine treatment or proteolysis of the molecule and was used as a probe to monitor the kinetics of the conformational change induced by methylamine treatment. It was found that the conformational change did not occur simultaneously with cleavage of the thiol ester bonds by the nucleophile, measured by titration of free sulfhydryl groups with 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate). The data are consistent with a model in which initial nucleophilic attack results in exposure of sulfhydryl groups, resulting in a conformational change measured by an increase in fluorescence. This event is followed by a unimolecular step representing a conformational change in the protein that results in a further increase in the fluorescence signal. The second-order rate constant for hydrolysis of the thiol ester bonds was determined to be 3.4 +/- 1.0 M-1 s-1, while the rate constant for the conformational change was (4.4 +/- 0.8) X 10(-4) s-1.
Strickland, DK; Steiner, JP; Feldman, SR; Pizzo, SV
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