In vitro preparation of nonenzymatically glucosylated human transferrin, alpha 2-macroglobulin, and fibrinogen with preservation of function.
Human transferrin, alpha 2-macroglobulin, and fibrinogen were incubated with [3H]-glucose. After a 7-day, 37 degrees C incubation at 20 mM glucose, transferrin incorporated 1.1 mol of glucose/mol protein; alpha 2-macroglobulin, 10 mol of glucose/mol; and fibrinogen, 3.8 of glucose/mol, or approximately 14 mumol of glucose/g for each protein. These results were the same for glucose labeled in the 1 or 6 position. No radiolabel was incorporated into the proteins during incubations with glucose labeled in the 2 position. The rate and extent of iron binding were identical for both glucosylated and nonglucosylated transferrin. Glucosylated transferrin bound to Wil-2 human lymphoblast cells with a Kd = 33 nM and receptor number of 3.4 X 10(5) receptors/cell; nonglucosylated transferrin with a Kd = 31 nM and receptor number of 3.9 X 10(5) receptors/cell. Glucosylated and nonglucosylated alpha 2-macroglobulin showed the same conformational change as determined on native PAGE after reaction with trypsin, plasmin, or methylamine and had the same activity in the Ganrot assay after reaction with trypsin or plasmin. The clearance of 125I-labeled, methylamine-treated alpha 2-macroglobulin from the mouse circulation was identical for both glucosylated and nonglucosylated alpha 2-macroglobulin, t1/2 = 3 min. alpha 2-Macroglobulin that was first glucosylated then reacted with methylamine bound to mouse peritoneal macrophages with a Kd of 2.5 nM and receptor activity of 370 fmol/mg cell protein. alpha 2-Macroglobulin that was first reacted with methylamine and then glucosylated bound with a Kd of 3 nM and receptor activity of 320 fmol/mg cell protein. Glucosylated fibrinogen had the same clotting time as control fibrinogen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Ney, KA; Pasqua, JJ; Colley, KJ; Guthrow, CE; Pizzo, SV
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