Defective release of vascular plasminogen activator in patients with gynecologic malignancies.
Vascular plasminogen activator release was measured in 176 women with gynecologic malignancies and 92 normal women. Releasable plasminogen activator was considerably decreased in the patients (P less than 0.00001 by Wilcoxon's rank sum test) with 59.1% releasing less than 0.04 Committee on Thrombolytic Agents units per milliliter of plasma after a standard venous occlusion procedure. The data were also stratified by tumor location, demonstrating that this decrease in releasable vascular plasminogen activator was seen for ovarian (P = 0.0001), endometrial (P = 0.0017), and cervical (P = 0.0063) cancers. Postoperative deep vein thrombosis, with or without pulmonary emboli, occurred in 28 patients (15.9% incidence). These patients also demonstrated markedly lower levels of releasable vascular plasminogen activator compared to control subjects (P less than 0.0001). It is suggested that defective release of vascular plasminogen activator contributes to a hypercoagulable state in patients with gynecologic malignancies and predisposes to postoperative thromboembolic complications.
Doman, KA; Gore, M; Miller, KE; Soong, SJ; Clarke-Pearson, DL; Pizzo, SV
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