Non-atherosclerotic vascular disease in the young.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

There are a large variety of non-atherosclerotic causes of ischemic stroke in the young. Arterial dissection, most commonly associated with non-traumatic causes, is among the most common. Both the carotid and vertebrobasilar circulations can be affected. The vasculitidies represent a rare, but potentially treatable series of conditions that can lead to stroke through diverse mechanisms. Moyamoya is a nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory, nonamyloid vasculopathy characterized by chronic progressive stenosis or occlusion of the distal internal carotid arteries and/or proximal portions of the middle and/or anterior cerebral arteries. Moyamoya can be idiopathic (moyamoya disease) or the result of other conditions. An appreciation of the unusual causes of stroke in the young is important when considering secondary prevention measures.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Camilo, O; Goldstein, LB

Published Date

  • October 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 93 - 103

PubMed ID

  • 16205858

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0929-5305

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11239-005-3203-7


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands