Long-term results after the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor abciximab in unstable angina: one-year survival in the GUSTO IV-ACS (Global Use of Strategies To Open Occluded Coronary Arteries IV--Acute Coronary Syndrome) Trial.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate long-term effects of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor abciximab in patients with acute coronary syndrome without ST elevation who were not scheduled for coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 7800 patients were included with an acute coronary syndrome without ST elevation, documented by either elevated cardiac troponin or transient or persistent ST-segment depression. They were randomized to abciximab bolus and 24-hour infusion, abciximab bolus and 48-hour infusion, or matching placebo. The overall 1-year mortality rate was 8.3% (649 patients). One-year mortality was 7.8% in the placebo group and 8.2% in the 24-hour and 9.0% in the 48-hour abciximab infusion group. Compared with placebo, the hazard ratio for the 24-hour infusion of abciximab was 1.1 (95% CI 0.86 to 1.29), and for the 48-hour infusion, it was 1.2 (95% CI 0.95 to 1.41). The lack of benefit of abciximab was observed in every subgroup studied. Patients with negative troponin or elevated C-reactive protein had a higher mortality rate after treatment with abciximab for 48 hours than with placebo: 8.5% versus 5.8% in those with negative troponin (P=0.02), 16.3% versus 12.1% in those with elevated C-reactive protein (P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with placebo, abciximab did not provide any survival benefit at 1 year in patients admitted with an acute coronary syndrome with ST depression and/or elevated troponin who were not scheduled to undergo early coronary revascularization. In subgroups of patients, in particular those with low cardiac troponin or elevated C-reactive protein, abciximab was associated with excess mortality.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ottervanger, JP; Armstrong, P; Barnathan, ES; Boersma, E; Cooper, JS; Ohman, EM; James, S; Topol, E; Wallentin, L; Simoons, ML; GUSTO IV-ACS Investigators,

Published Date

  • January 28, 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 107 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 437 - 442

PubMed ID

  • 12551868

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12551868

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1524-4539

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1161/01.cir.0000046487.06811.5e

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States