Importance of early and complete reperfusion to achieve myocardial salvage after thrombolysis in acute myocardial infarction.
The importance of the timing and completeness of coronary artery reperfusion for limitation of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) size after intravenous thrombolytic therapy was studied in 39 patients. All had electrocardiographic epicardial injury and acute coronary angiography performed < 8 hours after symptom onset. Acutely jeopardized myocardium was estimated at baseline, and before and after angiography by quantitative ST-segment analysis. The AMI size was estimated on the final electrocardiogram by the Selvester QRS score. Left ventricular ejection fraction was measured at the time of acute angiography and before discharge in 31 of these patients. In the 21 patients with normal flow (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction [TIMI] trial grade 3) in the infarct-related artery, the amount of jeopardized myocardium decreased from baseline to that before and after angiography (17 to 11 and 11%, respectively; p < 0.00005), and the median final AMI size was reduced (17 to 9%; p = 0.0004). In 6 patients with suboptimal flow (TIMI grade 2), the median amount of jeopardized myocardium decreased slightly from baseline to that before to after angiography (15 to 12%); however, the median final AMI size was not reduced (17%). In 12 patients with no reperfusion (TIMI 0 to 1) flow, the median amount of jeopardized myocardium remained unchanged from baseline to that before angiography (21%), and the final AMI size was not significantly reduced. There was a significant inverse correlation between the change in global left ventricular function and the difference between electrocardiographic estimated jeopardized and final AMI size (rs = -0.53; p = 0.008).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Clemmensen, P; Ohman, EM; Sevilla, DC; Wagner, NB; Quigley, PS; Grande, P; Wagner, GS
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