Radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia substrates after mustard and senning operations for d-transposition of the great arteries.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and risks of radiofrequency ablation of various forms of supraventricular tachycardia after Mustard and Senning operations for d-transposition of the great arteries. BACKGROUND: In this patient group, the reported success rate of catheter ablation of intraatrial reentry tachycardia is about 70% with a negligible complication rate. There are no reports of the use of radiofrequency ablation to treat other types of supraventricular tachycardia. METHODS: Standard diagnostic criteria were used to determine supraventricular tachycardia type. Appropriate sites for attempted ablation included 1) intraatrial reentry tachycardia: presence of concealed entrainment with a postpacing interval similar to tachycardia cycle length; 2) focal atrial tachycardia: a P-A interval < or =-20 ms; and 3) typical variety of atrioventricular (AV) node reentry tachycardia: combined electrographic and radiographic features. RESULTS: Nine Mustard and two Senning patients underwent 13 studies to successfully ablate all supraventricular tachycardia substrates in eight (73%) patients. Eight of eleven (73%) patients having intraatrial reentry tachycardia, 3/3 having typical AV node reentry tachycardia, and 2/2 having focal atrial reentry tachycardia were successfully ablated. Among five patients having intraatrial reentry tachycardia (IART) and not having ventriculoatrial (V-A) conduction, two suffered high-grade AV block when ablation of the systemic venous portion of the medial tricuspid valve/inferior vena cava isthmus was attempted. CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency catheter ablation can be effectively and safely performed for certain supraventricular tachycardia types in addition to intraatrial reentry. A novel catheter course is required for slow pathway modification. High-grade AV block is a potential risk of lesions placed in the systemic venous medial isthmus.
Kanter, RJ; Papagiannis, J; Carboni, MP; Ungerleider, RM; Sanders, WE; Wharton, JM
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