Human substance P receptor lacking the C-terminal domain remains competent to desensitize and internalize.
Substance P receptor (SPR) and its naturally occurring splice-variant, lacking the C-terminal tail, are found in brain and spinal cord. Whether C-terminally truncated SPR desensitizes like full-length SPR is controversial. We used a multivaried approach to determine whether human SPR (hSPR) and a C-terminally truncated mutant, hSPRDelta325, differ in their desensitization and internalization. In HEK-293 cells expressing either hSPRDelta325 or hSPR, SP-induced desensitization of the two receptors was similar when measured by inositol triphosphate accumulation or by transient translocation of coexpressed PKCbetaII-GFP to the plasma membrane. Moreover, translocation of beta-arrestin 1 or 2-GFP (betaarr1-GFP or betaarr2-GFP) to the plasma membrane, and receptor internalization were also similar. However, hSPR and hSPRDelta325 differ in their phosphorylation and in their ability to form beta-arrestin-containing endocytic vesicles. Unlike hSPR, hSPRDelta325 is not phosphorylated to a detectable level in intact HEK293 cells, and whereas hSPR forms vesicles containing either betaarr1-GFP or betaarr2-GFP, hSPRDelta325 does not form any vesicles with betaarr1-GFP, and forms fewer vesicles with betaarr2-GFP. We conclude that truncated hSPR undergoes agonist-dependent desensitization and internalization without detectable receptor phosphorylation.
Richardson, MD; Balius, AM; Yamaguchi, K; Freilich, ER; Barak, LS; Kwatra, MM
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