Generation and characterization of a mouse/human chimeric antibody directed against extracellular matrix protein tenascin.
The murine anti-tenascin monoclonal antibody 81C6, following iodination, has been shown to be an efficient localizing and therapeutic agent in both subcutaneous and intracranial human glioma xenograft models in athymic mice and rats. Similarly, effective monoclonal antibody 81C6 localization has been demonstrated in glioma patients, and Phase I trials with the intact murine IgG2b kappa molecule are currently in progress. In order to maximize the potential for repeated administration by minimizing murine Fc-mediated immunogenicity and reducing Fc-mediated immune effects, we created murine 81C6 variable region/human IgG2 chimeric monoclonal antibodies by the molecular cloning of the variable region genes of mouse 81C6 and their genetic linkage to human constant region exons. The resulting chimeric constructs were introduced into SP2/0 cells, and stable transfectomas were selected by G418 and mycophenolic acid resistance. The resistant clones were screened for anti-tenascin activity on tenascin-coated plates by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of both heavy and light chains of the purified chimeric 81C6 antibody matched exactly with that of the native mouse 81C6 as well as with that deduced from the nucleotide sequence. The production level of chimeric 81C6 (13.9 mg/ml) from ascites in the highest expressing transfectoma was much higher than that of native mouse 81C6 (2.5 mg/ml). The chimeric antibody showed the same specificity and equivalent affinity for human intact tenascin or tenascin-expressing cells as the native mouse 81C6 antibody. Direct comparison of radioiodinated chimeric and radioiodinated mouse 81C6 biodistribution in subcutaneous and intracranial xenograft-bearing mice showed higher tumor-to-normal tissue ratios for chimeric 81C6 as compared with native mouse 81C6. The improved localizing and clearance characteristics of chimeric 81C6 in xenograft model systems suggests that chimeric 81C6 would be an improved reagent for intracompartmental therapy of tenascin-expressing tumors in the human central nervous system.
He, X; Archer, GE; Wikstrand, CJ; Morrison, SL; Zalutsky, MR; Bigner, DD; Batra, SK
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