Therapeutic efficacy of vinorelbine against pediatric and adult central nervous system tumors.

Journal Article

PURPOSE: The activity of vinorellbine, a new semisynthetic vinca alkaloid, was evaluated against a battery of human tumor xenografts derived from adult and pediatric CNS malignancies. METHODS: Tumors included adult high-grade gliomas (D-54 MG, D-245 MG), childhood high-grade gliomas (D-212 MG, D-456 MG), medulloblastomas (D-341 MED, D-487 MED), ependymomas (D-612 EP, D-528 EP), and a mismatch repair-deficient procarbazine-resistant glioma [D-245 MG (PR)]. Tumors were grown subcutaneously in athymic nude mice and vinorelbine was administered at a dose of 11 mg/kg on days 1, 5, and 9. Additionally, vinorelbine was also administered in combination with BCNU against D-54 MG. RESULTS: Vinorelbine produced statistically significant growth delays in D-456 MG, D-245 MG, and D-245 MG (PR). No statistically significant growth delays were observed in D-54 MG, D-487 MED, D-212 MG, D-528 EP, D-341 MED or D-612 EP. The antitumor effects of the vinorelbine/BCNU combination were additive. Growth delays observed in the procarbazine-resistant line [D-245 MG (PR)] were greater than twofold the delays seen in the parent line (D-245 MG). Vincristine was equally potent against D-245 MG and D-245 MG (PR). Taxol demonstrated little activity against D-245 MG but produced 32- and 18-day growth delays in D245 MG (PR). CONCLUSIONS: These studies indicate that vinorelbine possesses antitumor activity against several glioma tumor xenografts with marked activity in a mismatch repair deficient-tumor.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hanley, ML; Elion, GB; Colvin, OM; Modrich, PL; Keir, S; Adams, DJ; Bigner, DD; Friedman, HS

Published Date

  • 1998

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 42 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 479 - 482

PubMed ID

  • 9788574

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0344-5704

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany