Therapeutic activity of the topoisomerase I inhibitor J-107088 [6-N-(1-hydroxymethyla-2-hydroxyl) ethylamino-12,13-dihydro-13-(beta-D-glucopyranosyl) -5H-indolo[2,3-a]-pyrrolo[3,4-c]-carbazole-5,7(6H)-dione]] against pediatric and adult central nervous system tumor xenografts.
PURPOSE: The in vivo antitumor activity of a novel topoisomerase I inhibitor, J-107088, was tested in athymic nude mice bearing subcutaneous or intracranial pediatric and adult malignant CNS tumor-derived xenografts. METHODS: J-107088 was administered to animals on days 1-5 and 8-12 via intraperitoneal injection at a dose of 54 mg/kg (162 mg/m2) per day in 10% dimethyl sulfoxide in 0.9% saline. The xenografts evaluated were derived from a childhood glioblastoma multiforme (D-456 MG), a childhood medulloblastoma (D-341 MED), an adult anaplastic astrocytoma (D-54 MG), an adult glioblastoma multiforme (D-245 MG), and a procarbazine-resistant subline of D-245 MG [D-245 MG (PR)]. RESULTS: J-107088 produced regressions and significant growth inhibition in all five of the xenograft lines growing subcutaneously. Growth delays ranged from 7.6 days with D-245 MG to 62.1 days with D-456 MG (P < 0.001). J-107088 also produced an 83% increase in survival in mice bearing intracranial D-456 MG (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that J-107088 may be active in the treatment of childhood and adult malignant brain tumors and provide the rationale for initiation of clinical trials with this agent.
Cavazos, CM; Keir, ST; Yoshinari, T; Bigner, DD; Friedman, HS
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