Radioiodination via D-amino acid peptide enhances cellular retention and tumor xenograft targeting of an internalizing anti-epidermal growth factor receptor variant III monoclonal antibody.
The mutant epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) has been found on gliomas and other tumors but not on normal tissues, including those that express the wild-type receptor. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for EGFRvIII are rapidly internalized and degraded after binding to EGFRvIII-expressing cells. If anti-EGFRvIII mAbs are to be useful for radioimmunotherapy, then methods for trapping radionuclides in target cells after mAb processing are required. Because lysosomes are known to retain positively charged molecules, we have evaluated a new reagent for this purpose that uses a polycationinc peptide composed of D-amino acids (D-Lys-D-Arg-D-Tyr-D-Arg-D-Arg; D-KRYRR). D-KRYRR was first labeled using lodogen and then coupled to the murine anti-EGFRvIII mAb L8A4 via maleimido bond formation in 60% yield. In vitro assays with the U87deltaEGFR cell line indicated that internalized and total cell-associated activity for the 125I-labeled D-KRYRR-L8A4 conjugate were up to 4 and 5 times higher, respectively, than for L8A4 labeled with 131I using Iodogen. Paired-label comparisons in athymic mice with s.c. U87deltaEGFR xenografts demonstrated up to 5-fold higher tumor uptake for mAb labeled using D-KRYRR. Higher levels of radioiodine activity also were observed in kidney when L8A4 was labeled using D-KRYRR. Another paired-label study directly compared L8A4 labeled using radioiodinated D-KRYRR and L-KRYRR, and confirmed the role of D-amino acids in enhancing tumor uptake. These results suggest that D-KRYRR is a promising reagent for the radioiodination of internalizing mAbs, such as the anti-EGFRvIII mAb L8A4.
Foulon, CF; Reist, CJ; Bigner, DD; Zalutsky, MR
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