Glioma-associated antigens defined by monoclonal antibodies against an avian sarcoma virus-induced rat astrocytoma.
S69-c15 is a highly immunogenic cell line derived from an avian sarcoma virus (ASV)-induced astrocytoma in F-344 rats. Monoclonal antibody (Mab) production was attempted by fusing F-344 rat splenocytes and mouse P3 X 63/Ag8.653 myeloma cells after a syngeneic immunization protocol. 336 fusion clones were screened by cell surface radioimmunoassay (CS-RIA) against the immunizing line S69-c15, rat kidney fibroblast line S203-c11 and Walker rat carcinoma line. Mabs 7G4, 9F1, 10E3 and 10E7 which reacted only with S69-c15 were chosen. Further analysis demonstrated that these Mabs reacted only with rat (13/23 astrocytomas, 2/4 gliomas, 1/11 neurinomas) or mouse (2/10 astrocytomas) neurogenic tumor cells induced by both viral and chemical agents. Reciprocal competition assays suggested that 7G4, 9F1 and 10E3 recognized the same epitope and that 10E7 reacted with a spatially close determinant. Antigen activity could not be found in adult rat tissues (brain, heart, lung, liver, kidney, spleen, thymus, intestine, muscle and peripheral nerve) and fetal brain (8, 12, 20 days gestation) by either absorption analysis or tissue staining. Preliminary characterization indicated that the epitope may be polypeptide-associated. Further antigen purification and tumor localization can be attempted with these Mabs.
Lee, YS; Wikstrand, CJ; Bigner, DD
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