Lipopolysaccharide and phorbol esters induce differentiation but have opposite effects on phosphatidylinositol turnover and Ca2+ mobilization in 70Z/3 pre-B lymphocytes.
We have recently shown that both lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate (TPA) induce differentiation in the transformed murine pre-B lymphocyte cell line 70Z/3 by enhancing Na+-H+ exchange across the plasma membrane through an amiloride-sensitive transport system (Rosoff, P.M., Stein, L.F., and Cantley, L.C. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 7056-7060). These data suggested that the activation of protein kinase C indirectly by LPS and directly by TPA was the critical step in the initiation of differentiation in these cells. We extend these observations to show that LPS rapidly stimulates an increase in phosphatidylinositol turnover, leading to a rise in the levels of diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and a concomitant decrease in the amount of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. There is also a rapid elevation of intracellular free [Ca2+] which is independent of the presence of extracellular Ca2+ or Na+. These results suggest that the increase in cytosolic [Ca2+] is due to release of cation from internal stores. TPA, which also causes differentiation in these cells, and the synthetic diacylglycerol, 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol, have opposite effects from LPS on both phosphatidylinositol turnover and cellular Ca+ mobilization. These data suggest that protein kinase C inhibits the activity of phospholipase C. Thus protein kinase C plays a pivotal role in the regulation of mitogen-induced differentiation in these cells by both transducing a positive stimulus to the Na+-H+ exchange system as well as feedback regulating its own stimulatory pathway.
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