Use of aerosolized inhaled epoprostenol in the treatment of portopulmonary hypertension.
BACKGROUND: Portopulmonary hypertension is a known complication in the liver transplant candidate. Intravenous epoprostenol has been demonstrated to decrease pulmonary artery pressures and possibly remodel right ventricle geometry. METHODS: In this report, we document the efficacy of inhaled aerosolized epoprostenol in a patient with portopulmonary hypertension. The effect was of rapid onset and offset. RESULTS: After 10 min of delivery, mean pulmonary artery pressure decreased 26%; cardiac output increased by 22%; pulmonary vascular resistance decreased by 42%; and the transpulmonary gradient decreased by 29%. There were no untoward side effects. CONCLUSION: The inhaled route of delivery of epoprostenol is potential alternative for the acute therapy of portpulmonary hypertension.
Schroeder, RA; Rafii, AA; Plotkin, JS; Johnson, LB; Rustgi, VK; Kuo, PC
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