Single-vessel coronary artery stenosis: myocardial perfusion imaging with Gadomer-17 first-pass MR imaging in a swine model of comparison with gadopentetate dimeglumine.

Published

Journal Article

PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of Gadomer-17 to depict perfusion defects in a closed-chest swine model of single-vessel coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve pigs underwent closed-chest placement of a flow reducer for 70%-90% luminal stenosis in the proximal left anterior coronary artery. Magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion imaging with Gadomer-17 and gadopentetate dimeglumine, microsphere blood flow (MBF) testing, and technetium 99m ((99m)Tc) 2 methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were performed during dipyridamole vasodilation. Comparisons of percentage signal intensity (SI) increase (PSIC) in remote and ischemic myocardium were made with repeated measurements analysis of variance after injection of both tracers. RESULTS: Perfusion defects and reduced PSIC in the anterior ischemic versus the inferior remote myocardium could be identified after injection of both Gadomer-17 (PSIC, 66% +/- 30 [mean +/- SD] vs 100% +/- 32, respectively; P <.001) and gadopentetate dimeglumine (PSIC, 49% +/- 31 vs 81% +/- 43, respectively; P <.005). The size of perfusion defect depicted with both tracers was highly correlated with defect size at (99m)Tc MIBI SPECT (r = 0.69, P <.05 for Gadomer-17 and r = 0.60, P =.05 for gadopentetate dimeglumine) and with areas of reduced MBF (r = 0.70, P <.05 for Gadomer-17 and r = 0.80, P <.05 for gadopentetate dimeglumine). PSIC also correlated with MBF (r = 0.89, P <.001 for Gadomer-17 and r = 0.75, P <.001 for gadopentetate dimeglumine). Gadomer-17 allowed differentiation of ischemic from nonischemic myocardium, as demonstrated by reduced PSIC (PSIC, 48% +/- 38 vs 72% +/- 31, respectively; P <.001) until 20 minutes after contrast material injection. In contrast, differentiation of ischemic from nonischemic myocardium was possible only until 55 seconds after injection of gadopentetate dimeglumine (PSIC, 36% +/- 24 vs 56% +/- 27, respectively; P <.005) but not at any time point thereafter. CONCLUSION: With the study conditions, Gadomer-17 provided more prolonged differentiation of ischemic from remote myocardium than that with gadopentetate dimeglumine.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gerber, BL; Bluemke, DA; Chin, BB; Boston, RC; Heldman, AW; Lima, JAC; Kraitchman, DL

Published Date

  • October 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 225 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 104 - 112

PubMed ID

  • 12354992

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12354992

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-8419

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1148/radiol.2251011377

Language

  • eng