Management of the bladder outlet in patients requiring enterocystoplasty.
We reviewed 30 patients who required augmentation enterocystoplasty and a procedure to modify the bladder outlet for the treatment of intractable incontinence. Of the 30 patients 16 were treated with simultaneous cystoplasty and an outlet procedure, 6 initially underwent an outlet procedure followed by cystoplasty and in 8 cystoplasty was performed first with a subsequent operation to modify the bladder outlet. Continence was achieved in 29 patients. The current methods for evaluation of the bladder and its outlet are reviewed, focusing on the predictive value of preoperative testing to determine which patients require cystoplasty and an outlet modifying procedure.
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