Making sense of self-esteem

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Sociometer theory proposes that the self-esteem system evolved as a monitor of social acceptance, and that the so-called self-esteem motive functions not to maintain self-esteem per se but rather to avoid social devaluation and rejection. Cues indicating that the individual is not adequately valued and accepted by other people lower self-esteem and motivate behaviors that enhance ralational evaluation. Empirical evidence regarding the self-esteem motive, the antecedents of self-esteem, the relation between low self-esteem and psychological problems, and the consequences of enhancing self-esteem is consistent with the theory.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Leary, MR

Published Date

  • January 1, 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 32 - 35

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0963-7214

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/1467-8721.00008

Citation Source

  • Scopus