Why does social exclusion hurt? The relationship between social and physical pain.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

The authors forward the hypothesis that social exclusion is experienced as painful because reactions to rejection are mediated by aspects of the physical pain system. The authors begin by presenting the theory that overlap between social and physical pain was an evolutionary development to aid social animals in responding to threats to inclusion. The authors then review evidence showing that humans demonstrate convergence between the 2 types of pain in thought, emotion, and behavior, and demonstrate, primarily through nonhuman animal research, that social and physical pain share common physiological mechanisms. Finally, the authors explore the implications of social pain theory for rejection-elicited aggression and physical pain disorders.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Macdonald, G; Leary, MR

Published Date

  • March 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 131 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 202 - 223

PubMed ID

  • 15740417

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15740417

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1455

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0033-2909

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0033-2909.131.2.202

Language

  • eng