Multilocus test for introgression between the cactophilic species Drosophila mojavensis and Drosophila arizonae.

Journal Article

Information obtained from laboratory studies regarding the efficacy of barriers to gene flow (reproductive isolation) between species is often incomplete or misleading, so detailed genetic analyses are needed to determine whether hybridization and introgression occur in nature. Previous laboratory studies of the cactophilic species Drosophila mojavensis and Drosophila arizonae suggest that reproductive isolation is incomplete and that gene flow may occur in sympatry. We sampled 18 nuclear and one mitochondrial loci from multiple populations of D. arizonae and D. mojavensis to test for the signature of recent or historic gene flow between these two species. We located chromosomal regions that were inverted between these species and analyzed those regions independently of others. Statistical tests for introgression using all loci or only collinear loci failed to reject expectations of an isolation model. Further tests using average nucleotide differences between species and phylogenetic analyses also failed to find support for introgression between D. mojavensis and D. arizonae. Additional ecological and behavioral studies of these species in their natural habitats are required to explain why the signature of gene flow was not detected at the DNA sequence level in populations when laboratory studies suggest such gene flow should be possible.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Counterman, BA; Noor, MAF

Published Date

  • November 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 168 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 682 - 696

PubMed ID

  • 17080365

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17080365

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-5323

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-0147

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1086/508632


  • eng