Sensitivity of the population growth rate to demographic variability within and between phases of the disturbance cycle.

Published

Journal Article

For species in disturbance-prone ecosystems, vital rates (survival, growth and reproduction) often vary both between and within phases of the cycle of disturbance and recovery; some of this variation is imposed by the environment, but some may represent adaptation of the life history to disturbance. Anthropogenic changes may amplify or impede these patterns of variation, and may have positive or negative effects on population growth. Using stochastic population projection matrix models, we develop stochastic elasticities (proportional derivatives of the long-run population growth rate) to gauge the population effects of three types of change in demographic variability (changes in within- and between-disturbance-phase variability and phase-specific changes). Computing these elasticities for five species of disturbance-influenced perennial plants, we pinpoint demographic rates that may reveal adaptation to disturbance, and we demonstrate that species may differ in their responses to different types of changes in demographic variability driven by climate change.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Morris, WF; Tuljapurkar, S; Haridas, CV; Menges, ES; Horvitz, CC; Pfister, CA

Published Date

  • December 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1331 - 1341

PubMed ID

  • 17118007

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17118007

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1461-0248

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1461-023X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00988.x

Language

  • eng