A comprehensive structure-function analysis of Arabidopsis SNI1 defines essential regions and transcriptional repressor activity.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The expression of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in plants involves the upregulation of many Pathogenesis-Related (PR) genes, which work in concert to confer resistance to a broad spectrum of pathogens. Because SAR is a costly process, SAR-associated transcription must be tightly regulated. Arabidopsis thaliana SNI1 (for Suppressor of NPR1, Inducible) is a negative regulator of SAR required to dampen the basal expression of PR genes. Whole genome transcriptional profiling showed that in the sni1 mutant, Nonexpresser of PR genes (NPR1)-dependent benzothiadiazole S-methylester-responsive genes were specifically derepressed. Interestingly, SNI1 also repressed transcription when expressed in yeast, suggesting that it functions as an active transcriptional repressor through a highly conserved mechanism. Chromatin immunoprecipitation indicated that histone modification may be involved in SNI1-mediated repression. Sequence comparison with orthologs in other plant species and a saturating NAAIRS-scanning mutagenesis of SNI1 identified regions in SNI1 that are required for its activity. The structural similarity of SNI1 to Armadillo repeat proteins implies that SNI1 may form a scaffold for interaction with proteins that modulate transcription.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mosher, RA; Durrant, WE; Wang, D; Song, J; Dong, X

Published Date

  • July 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1750 - 1765

PubMed ID

  • 16766691

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC1488919

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-298X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-4651

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1105/tpc.105.039677

Language

  • eng