A comprehensive structure-function analysis of Arabidopsis SNI1 defines essential regions and transcriptional repressor activity.


Journal Article

The expression of systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in plants involves the upregulation of many Pathogenesis-Related (PR) genes, which work in concert to confer resistance to a broad spectrum of pathogens. Because SAR is a costly process, SAR-associated transcription must be tightly regulated. Arabidopsis thaliana SNI1 (for Suppressor of NPR1, Inducible) is a negative regulator of SAR required to dampen the basal expression of PR genes. Whole genome transcriptional profiling showed that in the sni1 mutant, Nonexpresser of PR genes (NPR1)-dependent benzothiadiazole S-methylester-responsive genes were specifically derepressed. Interestingly, SNI1 also repressed transcription when expressed in yeast, suggesting that it functions as an active transcriptional repressor through a highly conserved mechanism. Chromatin immunoprecipitation indicated that histone modification may be involved in SNI1-mediated repression. Sequence comparison with orthologs in other plant species and a saturating NAAIRS-scanning mutagenesis of SNI1 identified regions in SNI1 that are required for its activity. The structural similarity of SNI1 to Armadillo repeat proteins implies that SNI1 may form a scaffold for interaction with proteins that modulate transcription.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mosher, RA; Durrant, WE; Wang, D; Song, J; Dong, X

Published Date

  • July 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1750 - 1765

PubMed ID

  • 16766691

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16766691

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-298X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-4651

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1105/tpc.105.039677


  • eng