Transmission of pressure across the chest wall during the rapid thoracic compression technique in infants

Published

Journal Article

During the rapid thoracic compression maneuver in infants, the transmission of pressure from compression jacket to pleural space and airway is less at functional residual capacity than at end inspiration. To examine whether reduced pressure transmission at functional residual capacity vs. higher lung volumes is explained by passive characteristics of the chest wall rather than by respiratory muscle activity, we assessed the pressure transmitted across the chest wall in nine anesthetized infants and young children after muscle relaxation. We measured esophageal and airway occlusion pressure during chest compressions at different lung volumes determined by varying distending pressure. In six subjects studied under static conditions, there was an approximately linear relationship between distending pressure and the proportion of pressure transmitted to the airway and esophagus from the compression jacket. The mean r2 value (95% confidence interval) was 0.80 (0.09) for pressure transmission to the airway and 0.85 (0.04) for pressure transmission to the esophagus. This relationship between lung volume and pressure transmission observed under static conditions was also demonstrated dynamically. Thus the reduced transmission of pressure from compression jacket to airway and pleural space at low lung volumes occurs independently of respiratory muscle activity.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Stick, S; Turner, D; LeSouef, P

Published Date

  • April 1, 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1411 - 1416

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-1601

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 8750-7587

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/jappl.1994.76.4.1411

Language

  • en