The identification of adrenergic receptors in human pial membranes.
Recent experimental work has suggested that the adrenergic nervous system is important in regulating cerebral blood flow under conditions of hypoxia and systemic arterial hypertension. Although previous investigations have demonstrated the presence of adrenergic neurons adjacent to human cerebral vessels, the nature of adrenergic receptors on human cerebral blood vessels remains poorly defined. The present study was performed to characterize adrenergic reception on membranes prepared from human pia, a rich source of small blood vessels, using radioligand binding techniques. Adrenergic membrane receptors were characterized using the binding of [3H]dihydroalprenolol for the beta subtypes and [3H]prazosin and [3H]yohimbine for the alpha subtypes. Displaceable binding was demonstrated with each agent. A small series of adrenergic agents competed for the [3H]dihydroalprenolol, [3H]yohimbine, and [3H]praz binding sites in a fashion suggesting the presence of alpha 1-, alpha 2-, beta 1-, and beta 2-receptors on the vessels within human pia.
Alexander, E; Friedman, AH
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