Comparison of [125I]HIPDm and [125I]iodoantipyrine in quantifying regional cerebral blood flow in rats.
We determined regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) using [125I]HIPDm [N,N,N'-trimethyl-N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methyl-5-iodobenzyl)-1,3-propanediamin e] and [125I]iodoantipyrine autoradiography under control and pathologic conditions (hypercapnia [acidosis], hypocapnia [alkalosis], and disrupted blood-brain barrier) conditions in 35 rats. In control rats, HIPDm rCBF (indicator fractionation method, n = 5) was lower than the corresponding IAP rCBF (diffusible indicator method, n = 4), most notably in the infratentorial regions and subcortical nuclei. In hypercapnia, rCBF increased by 100% and 37% in the HIPDm (n = 5) and IAP (n = 5) groups, respectively. In hypocapnia, IAP rCBF (n = 4) decreased 34% but HIPDm rCBF (n = 4) did not change. Following disruption of the blood-brain barrier by intracarotid infusion of mannitol in eight rats, both radiotracers (HIPDm n = 4, IAP n = 4) showed decreased rCBF to regions of disruption as defined by trypan blue extravasation. Our work indicates that modeling HIPDm uptake to quantify rCBF using the indicator fractionation method will underestimate blood flow and that HIPDm kinetics are influenced by compartmental pH dynamics that will limit the accuracy of this method in quantifying rCBF in pathologic conditions.
Albright, RE; Friedman, AH; Fram, EK; Harbury, OL; Molter, BA; Skatoff, JH; Harris, CC; Coleman, RE; Drayer, BP
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