Porcine granulosa cells do not express transforming growth factor-beta 2 (TGF-beta 2) messenger ribonucleic acid: molecular basis for their inability to produce TGF-beta activity comparable to that of rat granulosa cells.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In contrast to rat granulosa cells (GC), GC of the pig and cow produce very low levels of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-like activity in vitro. Because cultured rat GC predominantly express TGF-beta 2 messenger RNA (mRNA) and secrete high levels of the protein, we hypothesized that TGF-beta 2 mRNA expression by porcine GC might be absent or diminished, thus providing a molecular explanation(s) for their relatively low levels of TGF-beta production. We tested this hypothesis by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis. When analyzed by RT-PCR, porcine GC RNA from 1-3 mm follicles did not yield the expected 489 base pair (bp) TGF-beta 2 product but instead generated a smaller than anticipated 240 bp species; porcine testis RNA generated both the 240 and the anticipated 489 bp products. Sequencing these species indicated that the smaller form was not a novel TGF-beta 2 splice variant, and that the 489-bp product was porcine TGF-beta 2. This is the first reported nucleotide sequence for porcine TGF-beta 2; it is 90% and 91% identical to murine and human TGF-beta 2 sequences, respectively. Further RT-PCR analysis of porcine GC RNA resulted in the identification of bp products representing TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 3 mRNA. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analysis of porcine GC conditioned medium confirmed the presence of TGF-beta 1 at very low levels. TGF-beta 2 was undetectable. Comparable analysis of GC from the diethylstilbestrol-treated prepubertal rat demonstrated the presence of TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 3 mRNA by RT-PCR and very low levels of the corresponding protein products in conditioned culture medium. Collectively, these results suggest that the inability of porcine GC to express TGF-beta 2 mRNA could explain the very low levels of TGF-beta activity secreted by these cells in vitro.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mulheron, GW; Mulheron, JG; Danielpour, D; Schomberg, DW

Published Date

  • December 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 131 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 2609 - 2614

PubMed ID

  • 1280203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0013-7227

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1210/endo.131.6.1280203


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States