Quantitation of the five forms of plasma high molecular weight angiotensinogen in women with pregnancy-induced hypertension.
In the human pregnant state a high molecular weight form of angiotensinogen (HMrA) is present in significant quantities in addition to the usual low molecular weight angiotensinogen (LMrA). In a previous study involving a small number of white women, it was found that women who had developed pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) had significantly higher levels of plasma HMrA. It has been determined that there are five isoforms of HMrA. The objectives of this study were to expand the previous study with the inclusion of black women and to determine which isoform(s) of plasma HMrA are elevated in PIH. Plasma LMrA and HMrA were quantitated in 24 normotensive pregnant women and 65 women with PIH. The PIH group had higher levels of HMrA and somewhat lower levels of LMrA than the normotensive group. The HMrA/LMrA ratio was elevated in 47% of the PIH group. The five isoforms of HMrA were quantitated in plasma from 10 white women with PIH, 10 black women with PIH, and 6 normotensive pregnant white women. Half of both the white and black women with PIH had an elevated HMrA/LMrA ratio. The relative proportion of the HMrA isomers was similar in all groups. These studies show that half the women with PIH have a distinct abnormality in their renin angiotensin system. Both white and black women show this abnormality. In those women who have an elevated total HMrA, all five isoforms of HMrA are equally elevated.
Tewksbury, DA; Goodman, JR; Kaiser, SJ; Burrill, RE; Brown, HL
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