The IL-2 receptor gamma c chain does not function as a subunit shared by the IL-4 and IL-13 receptors. Implication for the structure of the IL-4 receptor.
The IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) gamma c subunit is also a component of the receptors for IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, and IL-15. The IL-4R and IL-13R appear to share a common subunit, and gamma c was proposed to be this shared subunit. In this study, we have assessed the relative contribution of gamma c to the mouse IL-4R and IL-13R. The MC/9 mast cell line constitutively expresses gamma c and proliferates to IL-4 and IL-13, but only the response to IL-4 was blocked by anti-gamma c mAbs. After transfection of the IL-4- and IL-13-responsive gamma c-negative B9 plasmacytoma with full length (m gamma) or cytoplasmic-tailless gamma c cDNA (m gamma t), only the proliferative response to IL-4 was affected by the surface expression of these gamma c molecules. The inability of m gamma or m gamma t expression to affect IL-13-induced proliferation by B9 indicates that gamma c does not obviously contribute to the IL-13R and does not function as the shared subunit of the IL-4R and IL-13R. This study suggests that there are two distinct IL-4R, one of which is independent of gamma c.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)