Structural basis of the intrasteric regulation of myosin light chain kinases.

Published

Journal Article

The smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase (smMLCK) catalytic core was modeled by using the crystallographic coordinates of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (cAPK) and a bound pseudosubstrate inhibitor peptide, PKI(5-24). Despite only 30% identity in amino acid sequence, the MLCK sequence can be readily accommodated in this structure. With the exception of the short B-helix, all major elements of secondary structure in the core are very likely conserved. The active site of the modeled MLCK complements the known requirements for peptide substrate recognition. MLCK contains a pseudosubstrate sequence that overlaps the calmodulin binding domain and has been proposed to act as an intrasteric inhibitor and occupy the substrate binding site in the absence of Ca(2+)-calmodulin. The pseudosubstrate sequence can be modeled easily into the entire backbone of PKI(5-24). The results demonstrate that the intrasteric model for regulation of MLCK by intramolecular competitive inhibition is structurally plausible.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Knighton, DR; Pearson, RB; Sowadski, JM; Means, AR; Ten Eyck, LF; Taylor, SS; Kemp, BE

Published Date

  • October 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 258 / 5079

Start / End Page

  • 130 - 135

PubMed ID

  • 1439761

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1439761

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1095-9203

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0036-8075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1126/science.1439761

Language

  • eng