The calmodulin binding domain of chicken smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase contains a pseudosubstrate sequence.
Smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase contains a 64 residue sequence that binds calmodulin in a Ca2+-dependent manner (Guerriero, V., Jr., Russo, M. A., and Means, A. R. (1987) Biochemistry, in press). Within this region is a sequence with homology to the corresponding sequence reported for the calmodulin binding region of skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase (Blumenthal, D. K., Takio, K., Edelman, A. M., Charbonneau, H., Titani, L., Walsh, K. A., and Krebs, E. G. (1985) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 82, 3187-3191). Inspection of these sequences reveals that they both share a similar number and spatial arrangement of basic residues with those present in the myosin light chain substrate. We have synthesized a 22-residue peptide corresponding to residues 480-501 (determined from the cDNA) of the smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase. This peptide, Ala-Lys-Lys-Leu-Ser-Lys-Asp-Arg-Met-Lys-Lys-Tyr-Met-Ala-Arg-Arg-Lys-Trp- Gln-Lys-Thr-Gly, inhibited calmodulin-dependent activation of the smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase with an IC50 of 46 nM. At saturating concentrations of calmodulin, the 22-residue peptide inhibited myosin light chain and synthetic peptide substrate phosphorylation competitively with IC50 values of 2.7 and 0.9 microM, respectively. An 11-residue synthetic peptide analog, corresponding to part of the calmodulin-binding sequence in skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase, Lys-Arg-Arg-Trp-Lys-Lys-Asn-Phe-Ile-Ala-Val, also competitively inhibited synthetic peptide substrate phosphorylation with a Ki of 1 microM. The competitive inhibitory activity of the calmodulin binding regions is similar to the apparent Km of 2.7 microM for phosphorylation of the 23-residue peptide analog of the smooth muscle myosin light chain and raises the possibility that the calmodulin binding region of the myosin light chain kinase may act as a pseudosubstrate inhibitor of the enzyme.
Kemp, BE; Pearson, RB; Guerriero, V; Bagchi, IC; Means, AR
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