Developmental changes in the hormonal regulation of rat testis Sertoli cell adenylyl cyclase.
The stimulatory effects of FSH on Sertoli cell functions such as cAMP accumulation, protein kinase activation, and RNA and protein synthesis wane during testis maturation. However, FSH receptors increase with age and addition of cAMP stimulates these biochemical events in Sertoli cells from animals of any age. In order to determine if this loss of responsiveness to FSH was due to an inability to stimulate adenylyl cyclase, the hormonal responsiveness of this enzyme was investigated as a function of testicular development. In agreement with intact cell studies, adenylyl cyclase activity was found to be stimulated by FSH 2- to 3-fold in homogenates of testes from immature (5-20 days of age) Sertoli cell-enriched rats, while no stimulation of the enzyme by FSH was observed in similar homogenates from Sertoli cell-enriched animals 20 days of age or older. The possibility of a decrease in enzyme sensitivity to the gonadotropin as a function of maturation ws ruled out by dose-response studies. Catalytic activity of the enzyme was retained with increasing animal age as evidenced by the ability of fluoride (10 mM) to stimulate basal activity 4-fold. Hormonal responsiveness of the Sertoli cell adenylyl cyclase of mature animals could be restored, however, either by addition of the nonmetabolizable guanosine 5'-triphosphate analog, 5'-guanylyl-imidodiphosphate to homogenates or by preparation of membrane particles. We found that 5'-guanylyl-imidodiphosphate selectively potentiated FSH effects on cyclase in testicular homogenates from mature animals while having no effect on the relative degree of hormone stimulation in homogenates from immature animals, and that in contrast to homogenates, testicular membrane preparations retain their FSH responsiveness upon animal maturation.
Van Sickle, M; Oberwetter, JM; Birnbaumer, L; Means, AR
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