Molecular structure and flanking nucleotide sequences of the natural chicken ovomucoid gene.
Five independent clones containing the natural chicken ovomucoid gene have been isolated from a chicken gene library. One of these clones, CL21, contains the complete ovomucoid gene and includes more than 3 kb of DNA sequences flanking both termini of the gene. Restriction endonuclease mapping, electron microscopy and direct DNA sequencing analyses of this clone have revealed that the ovomucoid gene is 5.6 kb long and codes for a messenger RNA of 821 nucleotides. The structural gene sequence coding Ifor the mature messenger RNA is split into at least eight segments by a minimum of seven intervening sequences of various sizes. The shortest structural gene segment is only 20 nucleotides long. All seven intervening sequences are located within the peptide coding region of the gene, and the sequences at the 5' and 3' untranslated regions of the mRNA are not interrupted by intervening sequences. The DNA sequences of the regions flanking the 5' and 3' termini of the gene have been determined. Thirty nucleotides before the start of the messenger RNA coding sequence is the heptanucleotide TATATAT, which is also present in a similar location relative to the chicken ovalbumin gene and other unique sequence eucaryotic genes. This sequence resembles that of the Pribnow box in procaryotic genes where a promoter function has been implicated. Seven nucleotides past the 3' end of the gene is the tetranucleotide TTGT, a sequence found to be present at identical locations as either TTTT or TTGT in other eucaryotic genes that have been sequenced. These conserved DNA sequences flanking eucaryotic genes may serve some regulator function in the expression of these genes.
Lai, EC; Stein, JP; Catterall, JF; Woo, SL; Mace, ML; Means, AR; O'Malley, BW
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