The nontranscribed chicken calmodulin pseudogene cross-hybridizes with mRNA from the slow-muscle troponin C gene.
A chicken calmodulin pseudogene with no introns was previously shown to hybridize under stringent conditions with an mRNA species present in skeletal and cardiac muscles, yet it would not hybridize to calmodulin mRNA (J. P. Stein, R. P. Munjaal, L. Lagace', E. C. Lai, B. W. O'Malley, and A. R. Means, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80:6485-6489, 1983). Using the pseudogene as a probe, we isolated a full-length cDNA corresponding to this mRNA from a chicken breast muscle library and showed by sequence analysis that it encodes slow-muscle troponin C and not the pseudogene product. Hybridization between the calmodulin pseudogene and slow-muscle troponin C cDNA is due to a short region of high homology in those nucleotides that encode helices B and C of troponin C and calmodulin. Genomic Southern analysis showed the calmodulin pseudogene and the gene for slow-muscle troponin C to exist as distinct single copies.
Putkey, JA; Carroll, SL; Means, AR
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