Peptidyl-prolyl isomerase 1 (Pin1) serves as a coactivator of steroid receptor by regulating the activity of phosphorylated steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3/AIB1).
Steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3/AIB1) interacts with steroid receptors in a ligand-dependent manner to activate receptor-mediated transcription. A number of intracellular signaling pathways initiated by growth factors and hormones induce phosphorylation of SRC-3, regulating its function and contributing to its oncogenic potential. However, the range of mechanisms by which phosphorylation affects coactivator function remains largely undefined. We demonstrate here that peptidyl-prolyl isomerase 1 (Pin1), which catalyzes the isomerization of phosphorylated Ser/Thr-Pro peptide bonds to induce conformational changes of its target proteins, interacts selectively with phosphorylated SRC-3. In addition, Pin1 and SRC-3 activate nuclear-receptor-regulated transcription synergistically. Depletion of Pin1 by small interfering RNA (siRNA) reduces hormone-dependent transcription from both transfected reporters and an endogenous steroid receptor target gene. We present evidence that Pin1 modulates interactions between SRC-3 and CBP/p300. The interaction is enhanced in vitro and in vivo by Pin1 and diminished when cellular Pin1 is reduced by siRNA or in stable Pin1-depleted cell lines. Depletion of Pin1 in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells reduces the endogenous estrogen-dependent recruitment of p300 to the promoters of estrogen receptor-dependent genes. Pin1 overexpression enhanced SRC-3 cellular turnover, and depletion of Pin1 stabilized SRC-3. Our results suggest that Pin1 functions as a transcriptional coactivator of nuclear receptors by modulating SRC-3 coactivator protein-protein complex formation and ultimately by also promoting the turnover of the activated SRC-3 oncoprotein.
Yi, P; Wu, R-C; Sandquist, J; Wong, J; Tsai, SY; Tsai, M-J; Means, AR; O'Malley, BW
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