BRCA1 expression is induced before DNA synthesis in both normal and tumor-derived breast cells.


Journal Article

Insight into the function of the BRCA1 tumor suppressor gene may be gained by studying its regulation. In this study, the expression of BRCA1 was examined as a function of the cell cycle in normal and tumor-derived breast epithelial cells. Cells arrested in G(zero) or early in G1 contained low levels of BRCA1 mRNA. After release, populations of cells reached maximal levels of BRCA1 in late G1 and S phase. Induction of BRCA1 was shown to occur before the onset of DNA synthesis by synchronizing cells at the G1-S boundary. Levels of the BRCA1 protein were regulated in a similar manner. No difference was observed between primary cultures of normal mammary epithelial cells and immortalized tumor-derived cell lines. These results suggest that BRCA1 may function at the G1-S checkpoint.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vaughn, JP; Davis, PL; Jarboe, MD; Huper, G; Evans, AC; Wiseman, RW; Berchuck, A; Iglehart, JD; Futreal, PA; Marks, JR

Published Date

  • June 1996

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 711 - 715

PubMed ID

  • 8780884

Pubmed Central ID

  • 8780884

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1044-9523


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States