Multivariable analysis of DNA ploidy, p53, and HER-2/neu as prognostic factors in endometrial cancer.
BACKGROUND: Several molecular-genetic alterations in endometrial cancers, including aneuploidy and aberrant expression of p53 and HER-2/neu, have been associated with poor prognosis. To determine the importance of molecular-genetic factors relative to more traditional surgical-pathologic prognostic factors, a multivariable analysis was performed. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining for p53, HER-2/neu, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and epidermal growth factor receptor was performed on frozen sections from 100 primary endometrial cancers. DNA ploidy was determined using computerized image analysis of Feulgen-stained touch preparations. In addition, information regarding surgical-pathologic features of the cancers was obtained. Univariable analysis was performed followed by multivariable analysis using Cox's proportional hazards model to identify variables predictive of poor prognosis. RESULTS: With univariable analysis, race, histologic type, stage, grade, myometrial invasion, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, ploidy, p53 and HER-2/neu were predictive of the presence of persistent or recurrent disease. In the multivariable analysis, only International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage (P = 0.005), grade (P = 0.005), myometrial invasion (P = 0.024), and ploidy (P = 0.028) were significant. CONCLUSIONS: Among molecular-genetic prognostic factors, DNA ploidy was the most strongly predictive of persistent or recurrent disease.
Lukes, AS; Kohler, MF; Pieper, CF; Kerns, BJ; Bentley, R; Rodriguez, GC; Soper, JT; Clarke-Pearson, DL; Bast, RC; Berchuck, A
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