Role of macrophages and dendritic cells in primary cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses.
The successful induction of class I restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) responses with soluble non-replicating antigens relies upon vehicles which deliver antigen in vivo appropriately to antigen presenting cells (APC), which for CTL may be dendritic cells (DC). In this study, we have followed the distribution of liposomes and their incorporated antigen and compared the efficacy of splenic macrophages (Mo) and DC at inducing primary CTL responses in vitro. Our results show that whereas liposomes locate predominantly in the splenic red pulp and marginal zone locations, some of their soluble antigen contents redistribute to the central white pulp, comprising mainly DC and T cells. Such antigen redistribution was most apparent following administration of pH-sensitive liposomes. In comparisons of the APC activity of Mo and DC taken at various times post-injection, DC were always superior to Mo. However, if Mo were depleted prior to antigen exposure, DC were ineffective APC for CTL induction. Furthermore, addition of supernatant from OVA-liposome treated Mo to naive DC-T cell cultures in vitro resulted in OVA-specific T cell responses. These studies indicate a role for Mo in enhancing the antigen presenting function of DC.
Nair, S; Buiting, AM; Rouse, RJ; Van Rooijen, N; Huang, L; Rouse, BT
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