Bacteremia in lung transplant recipients in the current era.

Published

Journal Article

Current trends in the epidemiology, outcome and variables influencing mortality in bacteremic lung transplant recipients have not been fully described. We prospectively studied bacteremias in lung transplant recipients in a multicenter study between 2000-2004. Bacteremia was documented in 56 lung transplant recipients, an average of 172 days after transplantation. Multiple antibiotic resistance was documented in 48% of the isolates; these included 57% of the Gram-negative and 38% of the Gram-positive bacteria. Pulmonary infection was the most common source of resistant gram-negative bacteremias. Mortality rate at 28 days after the onset of bacteremia was 25% (14/56). Mechanical ventilation and abnormal mental status correlated independently with higher mortality (p < 0.05 for both variables). Bacteremia remains a significant complication in lung transplant recipients and is associated with considerable mortality. Recognition of variables portending a high risk for antibiotic resistance and for poor outcome has implications relevant for optimizing antibiotic prescription and for improving outcomes in lung transplant recipients.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Husain, S; Chan, KM; Palmer, SM; Hadjiliadis, D; Humar, A; McCurry, KR; Wagener, MM; Singh, N

Published Date

  • December 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 3000 - 3007

PubMed ID

  • 17294526

Pubmed Central ID

  • 17294526

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1600-6135

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States