Treatment of ureteral calculi by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy at a multi-use center.
We reviewed our experience with extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy therapy in 138 patients who presented with mid and upper ureteral calculi. In the patients who had successful stone manipulation back into the renal collecting system the success rate was significantly higher compared to that for stones treated primarily within the ureter (92.8 versus 80.8 per cent, p less than 0.05). Among the stones treated within the ureter the success rates appeared to be similar for stones treated in situ (83.3 per cent) compared to those treated when a catheter could be placed alongside the calculus (79.3 per cent). Higher voltage and more shock waves were administered to stones treated within the ureter compared to stones that were manipulated back into the kidney. However, this increase power did not enhance the success rate. In addition, it appears that a plain film of the abdomen obtained within 24 hours of lithotripsy treatment is a good predictor of success as defined by the rate free of stones at 6 weeks of followup. Our results from a community-based multi-use lithotripsy center suggest that ureteral stone manipulation should be attempted before extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for mid and upper ureteral calculi.
Fetner, CD; Preminger, GM; Seger, J; Lea, TA
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